Pepper                       

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PEPPER
Hindi Name
Kali Mirch

Botanical name
Piper nigrum L

Family name
Piperaceae

Commercial part
Fruit

Name in International Languages
Spanish:
Pimienta
French:
Poivre
German:
Pfeffer
Swedish:
Peppar
Arabic:
Filfil Aswad
Dutch:
Peper
Italian:
Pepe
Portuguese:
Pimenta
Russian:
Pyerets
Japanese:
Kosha
Chinese:
Hu- Chiao
Serving the purpose of a taste- maker, an appetizer and a drug, ginger is known as one of the earliest Oriental spice in Europe and has been cultivated in India as a fresh vegetable and marketed as a dried spice since time immemorial. Ginger was an important spice during the Roman times. During the last centuries of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ginger was used to flavor true beer i.e. the alcoholic beverage obtained by fermenting malt.

The fresh, dried or powdered rhizome of a slender perennial herb, Indian ginger is acclaimed worldwide for its characteristic taste, flavor & texture. Ginger is cultivated as a cash crop in Africa and Latin America and its drink known as Ginger ale is very popular in USA. Like root beer the ginger soft drink is not fermented beer but simply sugar, ginger extract and carbonated water.

The word pepper is derived from the Sanskrit name pippali or pippalii, which is only one of the many names of pepper in Sanskrit language and that was transferred via Greek péperi and Latin piper. The most important producer for pepper is India that accounts for about 50% of the whole production volume.

Black pepper is a native to Malabar, a region on the Western Coast of South India. This aromatic spice with an exotic flavor and a pungent odor is cultivated in the wilds of Burma apart from South India since millennia. Two thousand years ago pepper reached Southeast Asia and has been grown in the lands of Malaysia and Indonesia since then. In the last few decades of the 20.th century, pepper production increased as new plantations were founded in Thailand, Vietnam, China and Sri Lanka.

In the production of this spice that is popularly known as the king of all spices, India has always overshadowed others. India has always reigned supreme in the production and export of this most exotic and sought-after spice.